Summary: Why to use graywater , how to choose, build and use graywater reuse systems, regulations, studies, science and examples. Includes graywater irrigation, graywater treatment, graywater filters, high tech indoor graywater reuse and graywater management in developing countries.
On this page:
Oasis Design is a—quite possibly the—preeminent source of trustworthy source of greywater information since 1989.
Oasis Design has walked central, neutral ground between warring factions during sweeping
changes in the emergent greywater industry. Our information and consulting clients entrust us with their darkest greywater secrets, system manufacturers keep us abreast of their offerings, academics appreciate our research. As we have become the world’s greywater “information central,” regulators increasingly seek us out for help directing policy and writing standards.
We publish the most popular books on greywater; have developed numerous key greywater innovations and published them free and unpatented into the public domain, includingBranched Drain Graywater Systemsand theLaundry to Landscapesystem; developed the first plant and soil biocompatible laundry detergent; and helped develop better grey water policies and scientific understanding.
Since we don't sell any system, it's easy for us to be totally neutral about hardware. (We developed the world's first plant and soil biocompatible laundry detergent, but we sold that business in 1996.) Most contradictory information you'll find is from manufacturers with a stake in a particular system.
We give away most of our information. Approximately 30% of our livelihood is from sales of the Create an Oasis with Greywater book. Quality and credibility of our information is the key to our livelihood
You'll find older versions of this content replicated all over the web; this is the source. We appreciate the links and book purchases which support our public service research, development, and free content.
We hope this information helps you manage your resources wisely--
—The Oasis Team
Graywater books and DVD
Graywater research and science
Any washwater that has been used in the home, except water from toilets, is called graywater . Dish, shower, sink, and laundry water comprise 50-80% of residential "waste" water. This may be reused for other purposes, especially landscape irrigation.
(This is the definition common in Europe and Australia. Some jurisdictions in the US exclude kitchen sink water and diaper wash water from their definition of graywater . These are most accurately defined as "dark graywater ")
It's a waste to irrigate with great quantities of drinking water when plants thrive on used water containing small bits of compost. Unlike a lot of ecological stopgap measures, graywater reuse is a part of the fundamental solution to many ecological problems and will probably remain essentially unchanged in the distant future. The benefits of graywater recycling include:
Viewed narrowly, graywater
systems don’t look that important. A low flow showerhead can save water with less effort. A septic system can treat graywater
almost as well.
Many people and organizations instinctively recognize that graywater is the ideal test case for the transition to a new way of regulating and building that is appropriate to a post-peak resource, mature civilization.
The US Green Building Council, the City of Santa Barbara, CA, Oregon ReCode, and SLO Green Build are among those organizations which independently chose graywater standards as the technology with which to launch their programs of regulatory reform.
Yes. There are eight million graywater systems in the US with 22 million users. In 60 years, there has been one billion system user-years of exposure, yet there has not been one documented case of graywater transmitted illness.
In practice, graywater legality is virtually never an issue for residential retrofit systems—everyone just bootlegs them. However, graywater legality is almost always an issue for permitted new construction and remodeling, unless you're in a visionary state such as Arizona, New Mexico, Texas (and soon, NV, MT, OR, and CA). For details see our Grey water policy center and Builder's Graywater Guide (book).
* Lower fresh water use
Graywater can replace fresh water in many instances, saving money and increasing the effective water supply in regions where irrigation is needed. Residential water use is almost evenly split between indoor and outdoor. All except toilet water could be recycled outdoors, achieving the same result with significantly less water diverted from nature.
* Less strain on septic tank or treatment plant
Graywater use greatly extends the useful life and capacity of septic systems. For municipal treatment systems, decreased wastewater flow means higher treatment effectiveness and lower costs.
* Highly effective purification
Graywater is purified to a spectacularly high degree in the upper, most biologically active region of the soil. This protects the quality of natural surface and ground waters.
* Site unsuitable for a septic tank
For sites with slow soil percolation or other problems, a graywater system can be a partial or complete substitute for a very costly, over-engineered system.
* Less energy and chemical use
Less energy and chemicals are used due to the reduced amount of both freshwater and wastewater that needs pumping and treatment. For those providing their own water or electricity, the advantage of a reduced burden on the infrastructure is felt directly. Also, treating your wastewater in the soil under your own fruit trees definitely encourages you to dump fewer toxic chemicals down the drain.
* Groundwater recharge
Graywater application in excess of plant needs recharges groundwater.
* Plant growth
Graywater enables a landscape to flourish where water may not otherwise be available to support much plant growth.
* Reclamation of otherwise wasted nutrients
Loss of nutrients through wastewater disposal in rivers or oceans is a subtle, but highly significant form of erosion. Reclaiming nutrients in graywater helps to maintain the fertility of the land.
* Increased awareness of and sensitivity to natural cycles
Graywater use yields the satisfaction of taking responsibility for the wise husbandry of an important resource.
The New Create an Oasis with Graywater (book)
Laundry to Landscape (DVD)
Builder's Graywater Guide (book)
New Greywater Book and Video Set: Create an Oasis, Builder's Greywater Guide, Principles of Ecological Design, Laundry to Landscape instructional DVD $49.80 ($13 savings)
Excerpt from our instructional Laundry to Landscape (DVD):
www.graywater.net Copyright © Art Ludwig 1997 -2014